2021-04-05 10:49:11 银行招聘考试网 文章来源：吉林华图
Poor health is not only damaging to employees, it is detrimental to businesses. "Corporations pay a heavy cost for stress-related illnesses, such as hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, and substance abuse," says Rubin.
"Up to 90% of all doctor visits in the United States are for stress-related illnesses," according to Dr. Mehet Oz of the Dr. Oz Show.
Chronic stress has a variety of negative side effects such as weight gain, lower immune system, increased risk of disease, and fatigue. Employers should encourage employees to reduce stress levels and improve their overall health.
The first step is to educate employees on health topics. Provide reading materials or offer seminars. People can't make positive changes if they don't know what to change.
Once employees know about health topics such as stress, exercising, and healthy eating, start a health related competition such as the Biggest Loser. This offers employees motivation and a support system. If the entire office is involved, employees will be more likely to accomplish their goals.
To help employees make positive lifestyle changes, have a kitchen equipped with a refrigerator and microwave to prepare healthy meals. Research shows that preparing food is healthier than eating out. Also, encourage breaks throughout the day. Even small amounts of exercise throughout the day are beneficial.
According to Dr. Oz, "Exercise releases serotonin and dopamine, the feel-good hormones that become blocked during stress. Walking stairs is a great workout. One study showed that walking stairs 7 minutes a day reduces the risk of heart disease by two-thirds."
If possible, offer a company discount on gym memberships. This will encourage employees to make positive choices outside of the office and to exercise regularly.
1.which of the words is not suitable to replace the underlying word above? ( )
2.What can be inferred from these paragraph? ( )
A. Most Americans have suffered from stress-related illness
B. To make sure that the employees are aware of the importance of physical and mental health is essential to promote good health in a company
C. Company discount on gym memberships will surely improve employees’ frequency of exercise
D. It is helpful to the company if the employers can lay off employees with health issues.
【答案】A。推断题。根据原文第二段的“up to 90% of all doctors...are for stress-related illness”，可推出大部分美国人都遭受压力疾病。B项：确保员工意识到身心健康对健康至关重要，essential过于绝对;C项：“公司健身会员的折扣一定可以提高员工锻炼的频率”，表述过于绝对，排除;D项：“若雇主依据健康问题来裁员，这对于公司来讲很有帮助”，无中生有，排除。故答案选A。
3.These paragraphs are mostly likely taken from ( ).
A. It’s Important to Build a Healthy Body
B. Several Ways to Improve Employee Satisfaction
C. Pay Attention to Your Health
D. How to be a Favorable Employee
4. To create a healthy workplace, the employees can ( ).
A. Build a kitchen so that the employees could make healthy meals
B. Encourage breaks to do exercise
C. Build motivation and a support system
D. All above
【答案】D。细节题。A可对应到第六段的To help employees make positive lifestyle changes, have a kitchen equipped with a refrigerator and microwave to prepare healthy meals;B项可对应到原文倒数第三段的Also, encourage breaks throughout the day;C项可以对应到原文第五段的第三行This offers employees motivation and a support system;ABC三个方法在原文中都提到，都选，所以答案选D。
5.Which of the following statement is not true? ( )
A. Exercise plays an important role of building a strong body
B. Chronic stress in the workplace might be harmful to the company’s interest
C. Offering seminars, starting competition and offering discount on gym membership will be costly, so companies should not pay much attention to these activities
D. In companies where good health is promoted, employees are more likely to be loyal and productive
【答案】C。是非题。根据原文内容Provide reading materials or offer seminars. People can't make positive changes if they don't know what to change，作者是支持公司举行seminar和competition的，而C项是“公司不应该过多地关注这些活动”，表述与原文不符，答案选C。A项：“锻炼对增强体质非常重要”;B项：“长期的工作压力可能对公司的利益有害”，文段一开始就谈到了;D项：“在健康指数较高的公司里，员工更加忠诚，效益更高。”根据原文第五段This offers employees motivation and a support system. If the entire office is involved, employees will be more likely to accomplish their goals，可知D项正确。只有C项不符合原文，所以答案选C。